Council on Energy, Environment and Water
The Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) is one of Asia’s leading not-for-profit policy research institutions. The Council uses data, integrated analysis, and strategic outreach to explain – and change – the use, reuse, and misuse of resources. It prides itself on the independence of its high-quality research, develops partnerships with public and private institutions, and engages with the wider public. In 2021, CEEW once again featured extensively across ten categories in the 2020 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report.
CEEW has led the exercise in estimating GHG emissions from industrial energy consumption, along with Industrial Process and Product Use (IPPU) – making full use of the existing institutions and data sources within the country. Industries contribute approximately one fourth of the country’s total GHG emissions and are fertile grounds for mitigation actions.
It provides estimates for a time series from 2005 to 2018, and are disaggregated at the sector and sub-sector level as per the IPCC guidelines (2006). This independent assessment complements the existing efforts by the national agencies, as it identifies potential data gaps, and other challenges in order to streamline the estimation process on an annual basis.
Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy
The Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy (CSTEP) is a not-for-profit research organisation incorporated in 2005 u/s 25 of The Companies Act, 1956. CSTEP is recognised as a Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. As one of the largest think tanks in South Asia, its mission is to enrich policy-making with innovative approaches using science and technology for a sustainable, secure and inclusive society. CSTEP has grown to become a multi-disciplinary policy research organisation in the areas of Energy, Infrastructure, Materials, Climate Adaptation and Security Studies.
As a part of the India GHG Platform, CSTEP has built a bottom-up time-series (2005 to 2018) of GHG emission estimations and compared the results with the Ministry of Environment Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC). The Ministry’s has national inventories for 2007, 2010, 2014 and 2016 for the following sectors (as defined in the IPCC 2006 methodology):
- 1A1- Energy Industries, including Electricity Generation and Heat Production (1A1a)
- 1A3 Transport, including civil aviation, road transport, railways, water borne navigation and other transportation (1A3a-e)
- 1A4, Other sectors, which includes commercial, institutional, residential and agricultural/forestry/fishing/fish farms (1A4a-c)
- 1B, Fugitive Emissions from Solid Fuels, Oil and Natural Gas and Others (IB1-IB)
Local Governments for Sustainability
ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI) is a global network working with more than 2500 local and regional governments committed to sustainable urban development.
ICLEI works with member regions and cities through a network of 23 offices and global centres that hold technical expertise and experience. ICLEI South Asia – the South Asian arm of ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, aims to build and serve a regional network of local governments to achieve tangible improvements in urban sustainability through local initiatives.
ICLEI’s projects and campaigns help influence sustainability policy and drive local action for low emission, nature-based, equitable, resilient and circular development.
The GHG Platform India project is an integral part of ICLEI’s low emission development pathway. As part of this multi-institution platform, ICLEI South Asia is leading preparation of the GHG emission estimations for the “waste” sector, in line with the country’s national communication to UNFCCC and the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.
Vasudha Foundation is one of India’s prominent non-profit organisations working in the clean energy and climate space. Set up in 2010, the organisation believes in the conservation of ‘Vasudha’, which in Sanskrit means the Earth, the giver of wealth, with the objective of promoting sustainable consumption of its bounties.
Vasudha Foundation’s mission is to promote environment-friendly, socially just, and sustainable models of energy by focusing on renewable energy, energy efficient technologies, and sustainable lifestyle solutions.
Vasudha’s innovative approach is based on data driven analysis, creation of data repositories with cross sectoral analysis, along with outreach to ensure resource conservation. The organisation aims to help create a sustainable and inclusive future for India and the planet.
Vasudha Foundation has engaged actively with various organisations and agencies at both the national level and the state level and has forged many active partnerships. These include NITI Aayog at the center, as well as with the Department of Environment, Forest and Climate change, Government of Uttar Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh New & Renewable Energy Development Agency, Department of Climate Change, Gujarat, the Telangana State Renewable Energy Development Corporation Limited, at the state level, to name a few.
Vasudha Foundation along with Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation conceptualized the GHG Platform India and acts as the secretariat to the platform, in addition to leading the work on estimating the GHG emissions for the Agriculture, Forests and Other Land Use Sector (AFOLU).
The World Resources Institute
The System for Estimation of Greenhouse Gases Emissions (SEEG) is a system that estimates GHG emissions developed originally as an initiative by the Climate Observatory, a Brazilian network of NGOs dedicated to the climate agenda.
Since its first edition in 2013, SEEG has achieved the goal of presenting comprehensive GHG emissions estimates for Brazil, at an online database with free access to researchers, journalists, decision-makers and the public in general. The SEEG data for Brazil includes emissions from 1970 to 2014 related to all segments of the national economy, all the GHG emissions reported in the national inventory, with disaggregation of the information at state level.
Based on this successful experience in Brazil, SEEG made available its methodology for possible adoption by organisations working in other geographies. The initial endeavour was led by a group of Peruvian researchers, who released the first estimates for the period 1990-2013 in May 2015.
Inspired by the Brazilian and Peruvian experience, a few civil society organisations in India collaborated with SEEG to form the GHG Platform-India.
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) is the global leader in agricultural research for development in wheat and maize and wheat-and maize-based farming systems. CIMMYT works throughout the developing world with hundreds of partners to sustainably increase the productivity of maize and wheat systems to improve global food security and livelihoods while sustaining natural resources. An international, not-for-profit organisation, CIMMYT is a member of the CGIAR Consortium. CIMMYT receives support from national governments, foundations, development banks and other public and private agencies.