Emissions Estimates

Energy Sector

Energy sector emission estimations consider emissions from fuel combustion and use in electricity generation, captive power plants, industries, transport, residential, commercial, agriculture and fisheries categories as well as fugitive emissions from fuel production, as per IPCC 2006 guidelines. Together these constitute over 83% of India's emissions in 2018.

To the greatest degree possible, the data utilized was obtained from public sources. Assumptions and methodology have been made public for further investigation. The effort would serve as the foundation for measuring India's climate performance and stimulating data-driven policy decisions.

The lead sector partner for Energy Sector Emissions Estimates is the Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy (CSTEP). The energy emissions attributable to industrial production were estimated by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) and the energy emissions from Captive Power Plants were estimated by Vasudha Foundation.

Any reproduction or redistribution of the material(s) and information displayed and published on this Website/GHG Platform India/Portal shall be accompanied by a due acknowledgement and credit to the GHG Platform India for such material(s) and information. You must give appropriate credit, provide a link, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the GHG Platform India endorses you or your use. We would be updating the data from time to time and coming out with newer versions of this sheet. In case you wish to be kept abreast of these changes, please email us at info@ghgplatform-india.org and we will send you updated sheets as and when they are done. You could also keep scanning this website for any and all updates in future

Citation as: Nazar, R., Ashok, K., and Deshpande, T. (2022). Greenhouse Gas Emission Estimates from the Energy Sector in India at the Sub-national Level (Version/edition 4.0). New Delhi. GHG Platform India Report - CSTEP. Available at: methodology for Energy Sector

In instances where economy wide estimates have been used from the GHG Platform India website, the recommended citation is “GHG platform India 2005-2018 Sub-National Estimates: 2005-2018 Series”

The data used for arriving at the results of this study is from published, secondary sources, or wholly or in part from official sources that have been duly acknowledged. The veracity of the data has been corroborated to the maximum extent possible. However, the GHG Platform India shall not be held liable and responsible to establish the veracity of or corroborate such content or data and shall not be responsible or liable for any consequences that arise from and / or any harm or loss caused by way of placing reliance on the material(s) and information displayed and published on the website or by further use and analysis of the results of this study.

  1. This sheet of Energy sector estimates of Phase-IV include emissions estimation due to fuel combustion in categories such as public electricity generation and energy sectors; residential, commercial, transport, fisheries and agriculture energy use. The note also includes estimation of emissions from fuel production (prepared by CSTEP)
  2. Other energy categories, such as – Captive Power Plants estimates (prepared by Vasudha Foundation) are provided under this “energy tab” and the estimates on Industrial energy (prepared by CEEW) are available under the “Industry tab”.
  3. The consolidated estimates from all the energy categories are provided in the economy-wide sheet under the “economy-wide” tab.
  4. Phases III to I emissions estimates sheets are under the” resources tab”

Consolidated Energy Emissions 2005 to 2018

CSTEP, CEEW, Vasudha Foundation

Energy Emissions Estimates 2005 to 2018


Captive Power Plants Emissions Estimates by 2005 to 2018

Vasudha Foundation

In collaboration with